Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry that is concerned with diseases and conditions of the gums. Pierce Street Dental provides a range of periodontics services to Birmingham-Beverly Hills.
Gum disease is caused when plaque and tartar cause inflammation and infection of the gums. Left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss and damage to your gums and jawbone. It has also been linked to heart disease and other conditions.
The best treatment for gum disease is prevention. Regular brushing, flossing and hygiene appointments prevent plaque and tartar from building up, reducing the risk of infection.
Tartar and irregularities in the surface of the roots can contribute to inflammation of your gums. We remove both with scaling and root planing procedures. Scaling is the physical removal of tartar with a special tool. Root planing takes place after scaling. It is the removal of irregularities, such as rough spots, from your roots to prevent further irritation to your gums.
Teeth need to be extracted when they are too damaged or decayed to be restored with a crown or other restoration. Extractions are performed in our office under local anesthetic and sedation options are available.
After a tooth is extracted it is necessary to protect the surrounding jawbone tissue to prevent structural damage due to bone loss. Ridge and socket preservation techniques are used to preserve this area and prevent the loss of bone tissue.
After an extraction it might be necessary to rebuild the alveolar ridge, the bone tissue that holds your teeth in place. The ridge can break down after an extraction, changing its shape. To restore the appearance of the ridge, or to prepare the area for a dental implant, we graft bone tissue into the empty socket left by the extracted tooth.
A sinus augmentation may be used when you are having a dental implant placed in your upper jaw. The bone tissue between your upper jaw and your sinuses can be thin, which means that when the implant is placed it could cause complications to your health. To strengthen the area prior to the placement of the implant we graft bone tissue onto your existing bone.
Bone grafts are used to rebuild your bone tissue lost through injury or disease. Donor bone tissue is surgically grafted into the area to be rebuilt, where it integrates into your own bone tissue.
Gum grafts are used to rebuild damaged or missing gum tissue. They can be used for aesthetic reasons or to repair gums that have been damaged. Donor tissue, usually from another area of your mouth, is grafted over the area to be repaired.
Infection and inflammation can create spaces between your roots and your gum tissue. As time progresses, these spaces, or pockets, can get quite deep and create a risk factor for serious infection. To correct this we surgically reduce the size of the pockets so bacteria cannot easily build up in them.
Whenever it’s necessary to access the roots of your teeth or the bones of your jaw we need to make a small incision in your gum tissue to open a “flap” and reach the tissues below. When the procedure is finished the flap is closed with sutures.
Frenectomy is the surgical removal of frenula, small pieces of connective tissue, within your mouth. These tissues, such as the ones connecting your lips to your upper and lower jaws, can be too short and tight and can cause pain and discomfort. Surgical removal relieves this pain.
Crown lengthening is the surgical removal of gum tissue from around the crown and root of a tooth to expose more of the tooth. It is used for cosmetic reasons, to correct a “gummy” smile, and to prepare teeth for restorations such as crowns.
The usual symptoms of gum disease are bleeding gums and soreness, although the condition can exist with no visible symptoms. The best way to fight gum disease is to go for regular dental examinations.